Migraine is a neurological condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by severe headaches, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea. However, there are different types of migraines, including migraine with aura. In this article, we will discuss what migraine with aura means and how it differs from other types of migraines.
Migraine with aura is a type of migraine that involves visual disturbances or other neurological symptoms before the headache begins. The aura typically lasts for 20-60 minutes and can include a variety of symptoms such as:
Not everyone who experiences migraines will have an aura. In fact, only about 25% of people with migraines experience auras.
The main difference between migraine with aura and other types of migraines is the presence of auras. Migraine without aura is characterized by the same symptoms as migraine with aura but without the visual disturbances or other neurological symptoms.
Another type of migraine is called vestibular migraine, which involves vertigo or dizziness as the primary symptom. This type of migraine may or may not include auras.
The exact cause of migraine with aura is not fully understood. However, it is believed to be related to changes in the brain’s chemistry and blood flow. Researchers have identified certain triggers that can increase the likelihood of experiencing a migraine with aura, including:
Migraine with aura is diagnosed based on a patient’s symptoms and medical history. A doctor may perform a physical exam and order imaging tests to rule out other conditions that could be causing the symptoms.
Treatment for migraine with aura typically includes medications to relieve the symptoms of the headache and prevent future migraines. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen may be effective for mild migraines. However, for more severe migraines, prescription medications such as triptans or ergotamines may be necessary.
Preventative medications may also be prescribed to help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. These can include beta-blockers, antidepressants, and anti-seizure medications.
Lifestyle changes, such as avoiding trigger foods and getting enough sleep, can also help reduce the frequency of migraines.
Migraine with aura is generally not dangerous, but it can be very uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life. In rare cases, it can be a sign of a more serious condition such as a stroke or seizure. If you experience new or unusual symptoms along with your migraines, it is important to speak with a doctor.
There is no cure for migraines, but they can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Some people may experience a decrease in the frequency and severity of migraines as they get older.
Migraine with aura can be prevented by avoiding triggers such as stress, lack of sleep, and certain foods. Medications can also be prescribed to help prevent migraines.
There is evidence to suggest that migraines, including migraine with aura, may have a genetic component. If a family member experiences migraines, you may be more likely to experience them as well.
Migraine with aura may go away on its own, but it is important to seek treatment if the symptoms are severe or interfere with daily life. Treatment can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines over time.